Madagascar Presidents

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Madagascar has its own definition of democracy with regards to its leaders. This page summarises the political history of this remote country since its independence.

Presidents of Madagascar

  • 1959 - 1972: Philibert Tsiranana is first President of Madagascar.
  • 18 May 1972: Philibert Tsiranana gives full powers to General Ramanantsoa.
  • 5 February 1975: General Gabriel Ramanantsoa gives full powers to Richard Ratsimandrava, who combines the functions of President of the Republic, Prime Minister, Minister of National Defense and Planning.
  • Night of 11 to 12 February 1975: After the assassination of Ratsimandrava, an executive military led by General Gilles Andriamahazo took power.
  • 15 June 1975: The Military Executive Board elects Didier Ratsiraka as head of the state.
  • 31 October 1991: Ratsiraka loses most of its powers to the Prime Minister of transition, Guy Willy Razanamasy. A series of strikes and daily orderly demonstrations resulted in the National Guard firing upon crowds in which an estimated 100 dies. Ratsiraka agrees to a referendum 1992/93.
  • 27 March 1993: Albert Zafy wins election but soon ran into trouble leading to his impeachment by the National Assembly.
  • 9 February 1997: Didier Ratsiraka resumes power after returning from exile in France.
  • 22 February 2002: Marc Ravalomanana is self-proclaimed President of the Republic following widely disputed election results and battle for control between Ratsiraka and Ravalomanana.
  • 17 March 2009: Marc Ravalomanana gives full powers to an Executive Military.
  • 17 March 2009: The Military Directory transfers the full powers to President Andry Rajoelina.
  • 24 January 2014: Hery Rajaonarimampianina becomes the officially elected President.


List of candidates for the Presidential Election 2018 (7th November)

  • ANDRIANOELISON José Michel
  • ANDRIANTSEHENO Lalaoarisoa Marcellin
  • BERIZIKY Jean Omer
  • BEZAZA Marie Eliana Pascaline Manasy
  • DAMA Mahaleo
  • ERNAIVO Fanirisoa
  • IMBEH Serge Jovial
  • JULES ETIENNE Rolland
  • MAHAFALY SOLONANDRASANA Olivier Jocelyn
  • MAILHOL André Christian Dieu Donné
  • NARISON Stephan
  • RABARIHOELA Bruno
  • RABARY Andrianiaina Paul
  • RABEHARISOA SARAHA
  • RADAVIDSON ANDRIAMPARANY Benjamin
  • RADILOFE Mamy Richard
  • RAFALIMANANA Ny Rado
  • RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA Hery Martial
  • RAJAONARY Erick Françis
  • RAJOELINA Andry Nirina
  • RAKOTOFIRINGA Richard Razafy
  • RAKOTOMAMONJY Jean Max
  • RAMAROSON Arlette
  • RANDRIAMAMPIONONA Joseph Martin
  • RANDRIAMORASATA Solo Norbert
  • RASOLOFONJOA Haingo Andriakajamalala
  • RASOLONJATOVO Falimampionona
  • RASOLOVOAHANGY Roseline Emma
  • RATSIETISON Jean-Jacques Jedidia
  • RATSIRAKA Didier Ignace
  • RATSIRAKA Iarovana Rolland
  • RAVALOMANANA Marc
  • RAVELONARIVO Jean
  • ROBIMANANA Rivomanantsoa Orlando
  • TABERA Randriamanantsoa
  • ZAFIVAO Jean Louis


Presidential candidates 2018.jpg


Further information