Madagascar is one of two countries outside of Sri Lanka where true Ceylon cinnamon grows, the second being Seychelles. The plant, Cinnamomum Zeylanicum, was probably introduced by sailors crossing the Indian Ocean on their trading routes.
The export of Madagascar cinnamon was temporarily stopped because of over harvesting, by which the complete stem and root was used. As farmers have been tought sustainable cinnamon farming methods not to harvest the complete tree with roots the ban has since been lifted and production and export resumed. In 2011, Madagascar produced 2,300 metric tons of cinnamon, approximately 1.1% of the world production.